Wind turbine automation is the process of installing a computer-based intelligent system, which controls the turbine functioning and detects failures, optimizes wind turbine performance through motion control and maximizes energy conversion. The automation may be completely integrated or implemented in any specific part of the wind turbine. There is a growing need for wind turbine automation in order to achieve maximum energy conversion rate.
The benefits associated with automation of wind turbine are safety, reliability and efficiency of wind turbines, high energy conversion rate, increased durability of wind turbine components, economy of scale, and reduction of accidental failure during maintenance and installation.
On the basis of type of automation system, the market can be categorized into SCADA, PLC, HMI and CMS (Condition Monitoring System). Recent advancement involves various technologies to monitor and maintain records of frequency of turbine motion and energy conversion to perform data analytics and forecast for future developments.Siemens AG, Bachmann electronic GmbH, Rockwell Automation, Inc., and ABB are some of the key players of the global wind turbine automation market.
The markets in Germany and the US are mature in terms of technology adoption. In order to meet the increasing demand for electricity India, China and Korea will emerge as big wind turbine automation markets in the future.